Informations Iran Provinces

Zanjan Province

Zanjan Province (Persian: استان زنجان‎, Ostān-e Zanjān) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. Located in the North West of Iran, its capital is Zanjan city. Zanjan province with an area of 36,400 km² has a mostly rural, population of 964,601 (2006). The province lies 330 km northwest of Tehran, connected to it via a freeway.
Zanjan also has an incredible cave called katale khor. It is near the Sultaniyeh.
Geography and climate
Zanjan has an area of 22,164 km², occupying 1.34% of the Iranian territory. The average population density in Zanjan is 4¼ people per km. Located north west of Iran, Zanjan covers joint borders with seven provinces- East Azerbaijan, West Azerbaijan, Hamadan, Kordestan, Gilan, Ghazvin and Ardabil. Shahrestan, or counties, in Zanjan Province are:
•    Abhar County
•    Eejrud County
•    Khodabandeh County
•    Khorramdarreh County
•    Zanjan County
•    Tarom County
•    Mahneshan County
Zanjan has a highland climate characterized by cold snowy weather in the mountains and moderate climate in the plains in wintertime. In the summers, the weather is warm. The average maximum temperature of Zanjan is around 27 °C, whereas the average minimum temperature stands at -19 °C. Meanwhile, the temperature rises to 32 °C on hot days, whereas it drops to -27 °C below zero on icy days. The average annual rainfall in the first month of spring stands at 72 millimetres, while in the second month of summer, it slips to a meagre 3.6 mm. The rate of humidity in the morning stands by average at 74% and at noon at 43%. The Zanjān River is the only major river in the region.



Demographics
Azeris are the main ethnic group in the province followed by Tats. Cities and villages in southwest of Zanjan province have Kurdish population.[4] Like every other part of Iran the lingua franca is Persian.
Economy
Because of mines in Zanjan province is the country’s gem .
Zanjan province regard to its potential and existing power situation is favorable for the development and expansion of mining activities. By using right and suitable of the God-given large reserves, this region could be raised in the country as an important economic pole.
Over 520 thousand tons of minerals extracted from mines in Zanjan province.  
Amount of the province's mineral industry production is about 85 thousand and 440 tons. These materials include lead and zinc concentrates, zinc ingots, micronized minerals, silica powder, expanded perlite and zinc compounds will produce.



Agriculture and industry
Agriculture is the principal occupation, and crops include rice, corn (maize), oilseeds, fruits, and potatoes. Poultry, cattle, and sheep are raised. In the region Zanjan is also famous for its seedless grapes. Manufactures include bricks, cement, milled rice, and carpets. Chromium, lead, and copper are mined.[3] In the scientific world the Zanjan name is famous for IASBS, one of the most productive research centers of the country.
Zanjan is also known for its beautiful handcrafts such as knives, traditional sandals called charoogh and malileh. Malileh is a handcraft made with silver wires. Zanjanian artists make many things like various decorative dishes and their special covers as well as silver jewelry. In ancient times, Zanjan was known for its stainless and sharp knives. But this tradition is gradually becoming extinct by introduction of Chinese knives to the market which are cheaper and better made than these primitive industries. Many villagers today are traditional carpet weavers. This is perhaps Zanjan's most popular handcraft.
The province economy is benefiting from the its geographical location which is connecting central part of Iran to the north western provinces. The Railway and highway that connects Iran's capital city Tehran to Tabriz, and Turkey is passing through Zanjan Province.
Attractions:
•  Soltaniye Dome, . Sultaniye Dome is UNESCO World Heritage site, the third largest Dome in the world after Santa Maria Dome and Hagia Sophia Dome and the largest brick made dome in the world
•  Caravanserai Sangi.
•  Rakhtshurkhaneh. It is a traditional Qajari era laundry house and is today Zanjan's Museum of Anthropology.

 

Last Updated (Tuesday, 15 January 2013 11:47)