Informations Iran Provinces

Sistan and Baluchestan Province

Sistan and Baluchestan Province (Persian: استان سيستان و بلوچستان‎, Ostān-e Sīstān-o Balūchestān ) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is in the southeast of the country, bordering Pakistan and Afghanistan and its capital is Zahedan.
The province is the largest in Iran, with an area of 181,785 km² and a population of 4.4 million. The counties of the province are Chabahar, Qasar-qand, Dalgan, Hirmand, Iranshahr, Khash, Konarak, Nikshahr, Saravan, Sarbaz, Soran, Zabol, Zaboli, Zahedan and Zehak.
The population comprises Sunni Muslim Baluchis
The province today is the most underdeveloped, desolate, and poorest of Iran's provinces. The government of Iran has been trying to reverse this situation by implementing new plans such as creating the Chabahar Free Trade-Industrial Zone.

Geography and culture
The province comprises two sections, Sistan in the north and Baluchestan in the south. The combined Sistan and Baluchestan province today accounts for one of the driest regions of Iran with a slight increase in rainfall from east to west, and an obvious rise in humidity in the coastal regions. The province is subject to seasonal winds from different directions, the most important of which are the 120-day wind of Sistan known as Levar, the Qousse wind, the seventh (Gav-kosh) wind, the Nambi or south wind, the Hooshak wind, the humid and seasonal winds of the Indian Ocean, the North or (Gurich) wind and the western (Gard) wind.


In the south, east and west of Sistān and Balūchestān, the people are mostly Balōch and speak the Baluchi language. The name Balūchestān means "Land of the Balōchi" in Persian language. Similarly, the Persian language name Sistān comes from the Old Persian Sakastāna, meaning "Land of the Sakas".
Many scholars, orators, and literary personalities have sprung up from this part of Iran, amongst which are Farrukhi Sistani, Ya'qub bin Laith as-Saffar and Rostam. Ayatollah Sistani is also from Sistān; though he currently resides in Najaf, Iraq.
Economy
Considering its historical background and being on the big roads of the world’s commerce, Sistan & Balouchestan province benefits from special importance in commerce as the dominating factor in the region. The free commercial and industrial zone of Chabahar is one of the strong points of the province. Free Zone has been built adjacent to Shahid Beheshti & Shahid Kalantari ports with an area of 14000 hectors of which 10000 hectors is industrial and the rest is allotted to commerce and services. The transit highway from Chabahar to Milak , mirjave &Milak borders have made good condition for commercial activities here.
Border Markets
5 border markets of the 7 approved are currently active in: Mirjave, Koohak, Pishin, Jalq and Milak. Border markets of Pasa Bandar, Gamshad and Rimdan are under construction. For the time being, annually a considerable volume of goods is exchanged at Iran-Pakistan border via these markets. The rate of exchanged items between the two neighboring countries within the past 11 months of the current year is as follows:
Exporting different kinds of industrial, agricultural and petroleum products from Zahedan customs: 201,651 tons with a value of 73.5 million dollars
From Mirjave customs: 1814 tons with a value of 23 million dollars,
From kohak market: 6148 tons with a value of 3 million dollars and from Pishin 18634 tons with a value of 3.6million dollars. Importing items including: Chataie rice and other goods rates 167438 tons with a value of 51 million dollars.
Industry & Mining
Industry is new to the province. Efforts have been done and tax, customs and financial motivations have caused more industrial investment, new projects, new producing jobs and improvement of industry.
The most important factories are:
- Khash cement factory with production of 2600 tons cement daily and three other cement factories under construction.
- Cotton cloth &Fishing net weaving factories and the Brick factory can be named as well.
The province has important geological and metal mineral potentials such as: Chrome, copper, granite, antimony, talc, manganese, iron, lead, zinc, tin, nickel, platinum, gold & silver.
Agriculture
Owing to its potential in the north& the south, the province has a long history in agriculture. Sistan was once called Iran’s granary. The most important agricultural products are: wheat, alfalfa, corn, vegetables, henna & garden products, dates, citrus, pistachio, grape, banana, mango, papaya, and olive. The province ranks first in the country with regard to the amount of tropical and semi- tropical products and citrus.
Fish Farming
Due to the special geographical and climatic conditions and adjacency to the vast waters of Oman and Indian Ocean, benefiting from 10 fishing ports, and with its quays and fishing platforms the province is very suitable for fisheries activities in the country. In 10 fishing ports the amount of annual fishing is more than 150000 tons a year.

Attractions
Beautiful sights of province from the Oman sea to Lake Hamun have an interesting diversity in different seasons and can be of tourists interest.
Among the tourist attractions are: Great ancient civilization of the Burnt City(1000 years ….), Dahan-ey Gholaman and Chah Nime parks in the north, the famous Taftan Peak and Haftad Molla Cemetery in the center, Bampoor, chehel dokhtar and naseri Castles in Iranshahr and Seb Castle in Saravan.
In the town of Chabahar there are beautiful coasts of Oman Sea, Mud flows which are wonders of the area and spread mud like lava in different seasons and the tomb of Seyed Gholam Rasoul from Teimouri era.