Informations Iran Provinces

Fars Province

Fars Province (Persian: استان پارس‎ Ostān-e Fārs pronounced [fɑː(r)s]), originally spelled Pars (پارس)), is one of the 31 provinces and known as Cultural Capital of Iran. It is in the south of the country and its center is Shiraz. It has an area of 122,400 km². In 2006, this province had a population of 4.57 million people, of which 61.2% were registered as urban dwellers, 38.1% villagers, and 0.7% nomad tribes.[1] The etymology of the word "Persian" (Pārs-ian : پارسیان) is derived from the cultural capital of Iran and found in many ancient names associated with Iran.
Fars or Pars is the original homeland of the Persian people. The native name of the Persian language is Fârsi or Pârsi. Persia and Persian both derive from the Hellenized form Πέρσις Persis of the root word Pârs. The Old Persian word was Pârsâ.
Climate and wildlife
There are three distinct climatic regions in the Fars Province. First, the mountainous area of the north and northwest with moderate cold winters and mild summers. Secondly, the central regions, with relatively rainy mild winters, and hot dry summers. The third region located in the south and southeast, has moderate winters with very hot summers. The average temperature of Shiraz is 16.8 °C, ranging between 4.7 °C and 29.2 °C.
The geographical and climatic variation of the province causes varieties of plants; consequently, variation of wildlife has been formed in the province. Additional to the native animals of the province, many kinds of birds migrate to the province every year.[4] Many kinds of ducks, storks and swallows migrate to this province in an annual parade.[4] The main native animals of the province are gazelle, deer, mountain wild goat, ram, ewe and many kinds of birds.


The province of Fars includes many protected wildlife zones. The most important protected zones are:
•    Toot Siah (Black Berry) Hunt Forbidden Zone, which is located at the end of Boanat region.
•    Basiran Hunt Forbidden Zone, which is located 4 kilometers south to Abadeh;
•    Bamu National Park, which is located north-east of Shiraz;
•    Estahban Forest Park (Parke Jangaly), which is located on the outskirts of Touraj mountain;
•    Hermoodlar Protected Zone, which is located east to larestan.
•    Arjan Meadow 22 km2 (8.5 sq mi) and Lake Parishan 40 km2 (15 sq mi) are designated Wetlands of International Importance under the Ramsar convention.
Demographics
Due to the geographical characteristics of Fars and its proximity to the Persian Gulf, Fars has long been a residing area for various Iranian People and Semites who were under the influence of Persian culture. However, the tribes of Fars including Qashqai Turks, Mamasani Lurs, Khamseh and Kohkiluyeh have kept their native and unique cultures and lifestyles which constitute part of the cultural heritage of Iran attracting many tourists. The province has a population of 4.4 million approximately.

Economy
Agriculture is of great importance in Fars. The major products include cereal (wheat and barley), citrus fruits, dates, sugar beets and cotton. Fars has major petrochemical facilities, along with an oil refinery, a factory for producing tires, a large electronics industry, and a sugar mill. Tourism is also a large industry in the province. UNESCO has designated an area in the province, called Arjan (known as Dasht e Arjan) as a biosphere reserve. Shiraz, provincial capital of Fars, is the namesake of Shirazi wine. A large number of wine factories existed in the city, but due to Islamic law all wine factories were shut down after the Islamic Revolution in 1979.


Tourist Attractions
-    Masjed-e Vakil
-    Masjed-e Jame'-ye Atigh
-    Tomb of Hafez
-    The district of Nayreez, Estahban, Sapeedan and Kazerron provide endless naturall beauties which receive thousands of intersted people in natural leisure.
-    The beautiful costs of the Bakhteghan lake,
-    the palangan Spring,
-    Ze narrow way
-    Jazeen narrow way which are located in the district of Nayreez provide a marvelous views of lakes