Informations Iran Provinces

Qom Province

Qom Province (Persian: استان قم‎, Ostān-e Qom ) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran with 11,526 km², covering 0.89% of the total area in Iran. It is in the north of the country, and its provincial capital is the city of Qom. It was formed from part of Tehran Province in 1995.
Today, Qom is considered one of the focal centers of the Shiite sect of Islam. Its theological center and the Holy Shrine of Hazrat Ma'soomeh are prominent features of the provincial capital of Qom. Outside the city is Jamkaran, another site of religious pilgrimages.
Qom has at times again been considered as a possible candidate for moving the political capital of Iran, as Tehran faces an increasing probability of an overdue major earthquake and is notorious for its pollution and traffic congestion. The conservative factions are favorable to this idea while the business and economic base of Tehran opposes any such moves. In  2009 it was disclosed that a mountain range near Qom is the site of Iran's second uranium enrichment facility, containing 3000 gas centrifuges.
Geography
The climate of Qom province varies between a desert and semi-desert climate, and comprises mountainous areas, foothills and plains. Due to being located near an arid region and far inland, it experiences a dry climate, with low humidity and scanty rainfall. Thus, agriculture is not possible in most of its areas, especially near the salt lake regions. Qom province has two large salt lakes, namely: Howz e Soltan Lake, which lies 36 km due north of Qom, and Namak Lake, which lies 80 km due east of Qom. Nearly a fifth of Namak Lake lies within Qom province.
In 2005, this province had a population of approximately 2,000,000 out of which 91.2% resided in urban areas and 8.8% in rural vicinities. The province contains one city, four counties, nine rural districts, and 256 villages.
Demographics
In 2005, this province had a population of approximately 2,000,000 out of which 91.2% resided in urban areas and 8.8% in rural vicinities. The province contains one city, four counties, nine rural districts, and 256 villages.
Economy
Industries has a main role in the development  of the province.
Industries of Qom including:
Non-metallic mineral: 7/27 %,Textile Industries ,Leather & Shoes (24%),Machinery Industries ,Metal Products & tools (22 %),
The province export exchange volume was estimated 19 million dollar  in 1380  and mainly industrial goods are  exported to Europe , Middle East ,Africa  and most Arabic countries.
Culture  and Attractions
Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization lists 195 sites of historical and cultural significance in Qom. The most visited sites are:
•    Kahak cave
•    Vashnuh cave
•    Howz e Soltan Salt Lake
•    Namak Great Salt Lake
•    Mar'ashi Najafi Library, with over 500,000 handwritten texts and copies.
•    Astaneh Moqaddaseh Museum
•    Qom Bazaar
•    Feyzieh Seminary
•    Jamkaran Mosque
•    Qom Jame' Mosque
•    Qom Atiq Mosque
•    A'zam Mosque
•    Shrine of Hazrat Masoumeh

 

Last Updated (Tuesday, 15 January 2013 11:48)