Informations Iran Provinces

Golestan Province

Golestan Province (Persian: استان گلستان‎, Ostān-e Golestān ) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran, located in the north-east of the country, south of the Caspian Sea. Its capital is Gorgan.
Golestān was split off from the province of Mazandaran in 1997. It has a population of 1.6 million (2006) and an area of 20,380 km². The major townships of the province are: Gorgan, Gonbad Kavoos, Bandar Torkaman, Bandar Gaz, Aliabad-e katul, Kord Kooy, Fenderesk and Minoo Dasht. Present-day Gorgan was called Esterabad or Astarabad until 1937.
Climate and geography
Golestān enjoys mild weather and a temperate climate most of the year. Geographically, it is divided into two sections: The plains, and the mountains of the Alborz range. In the eastern Alborz section, the direction of mountains faces northeast and gradually decreases in height. The highest point of the province is Shavar, with a height of 3,945 meters.
Golestan National Park in northern Iran is faced with the construction of a road through the forest, allegedly for the ease of traffic for villagers and woodmen but at the expense of losing the only national park in Iran throughout which a range of different climates (humid near the Caspian Sea and desert farther south) is spread.


Golestan National Park is Iran's biggest national park which spans three provinces, Golestan, Mazandaran and North Khorasan. Surprisingly, the authorities ignore repeated calls by experts to construct such roads around, instead of through, the forests, which in this way would no longer threaten the animal and plant life.
Demographics
The Turkmens reside in the north of the province, a plain called Turkmen Sahra, this former nomadic people live in this area from 15th century, main cities of whom is Gonbad-e Kavus and Bandar Torkaman. recent decades has seen a huge migration to this province, especially from Zabol northest city of Sistan and Baluchestan. They are a sizable minority at cities such as Gorgan, Ali Abad, Kalaleh and many of eastern townships.
Other ethnic groups such as Azerbaijanis, Baluchs, Kazakhs, Qezelbashs, Kurds, Georgians, and Armenians also reside in this area, and have preserved their traditions and rituals.
Turkmens are Muslim and belong to Hanafi school of sunni sect. small minorities; Baluchs and Kazakhs are also Hanafi.
Persian and Mazandarani languages speakers are mainly shia, official religion of Iran with Azeris, Kurds and Qezelbashs.
A small minority of Bahá'í Faith also Live in Golestan (in Shahpassand).
Economy:
Commerce,Industries and Mines:
-    Industry, Mine, & Trade
Vicinity of this Province with Central Asian countries as a bridge for entering European markets has created a distinguished opportunity for investors in the sector of industry, mine and trade. As such, various industries from other provinces in the country have applied to be placed in this region for decreasing transportation costs to these countries. Among other features, privileges and potentials of this Province in this sector, one can mention to the following:
    Existence of Gorgan-Gonbad Terminals and Torkaman multi-purpose port, private Port of Khajenafas and Bandargaz Wharf, and borderland market in the vicinity of Inchebroroun Customs House
    Existence of Kazakhstan's General Consulate in Gorgan
    Allocation of Foreign-Exchange Reserve for less-developed regions and 10-Year Tax Exemption in more than 70% regions of the Province
    Existence of Atrak 1000-Hectare Special Economic Zone in the vicinity of airport and highways of the Province
    Existence of 300 hectares lands ready to be assigned for industrial activity in the industrial parks and areas of the Province at most affordable prices
    Existence of 27 functioning mine units, including the only iodine mine in the country
    Accessibility to raw materials for construction of cement factory on the east of the Province
     Existence of Sadaf Estate (Calcium Carbonate) on the north of Gonbad City
    Existence of regions with permanent winds suitable for use of wind energy   
    Feasibility for establishment of cotton spinning mills owing to the existing humidity required by textile industries in a natural condition, and high quality of cotton of Golestan Province with an international advantage    

-    Agriculture, Animal Husbandry & Fishery
In the sector of Agriculture, animal husbandry and fishery, existence of climatic and ecologic variety and water reservoirs in a capacity of 2485 million cubic meters led to the expansion of agricultural activities in more than 685 thousand hectares of the arable lands of the Province which resulted in production of 92 kinds and annual production of 3.05 million tons of agricultural products. Golestan Province has also the first place in production of oil seeds, third place in production of cotton, wheat, and stone fruit, fifth place in production of olive and seventh place in production of citrus fruit. The potentials which made these sectors to flourish in this province are as follows:
    Existence of more than 426 thousand hectares forest and 863 thousand hectares pasture in the Province
    Existence of wheat silos and storehouses with a capacity of one million tons
    Feasibility for cultivation of  olive, walnut, hazelnut, mulberry in sloping lands of the Province
    Feasibility for production and breeding of ornamental plants and flowers and more than 700 species of medicinal herbs in the Province
    Existence of suitable condition for raising cattle and poultry and meat production chains
    Feasibility of operation in the field of caviar and bonefish fishery and production of caviar with highest quality in the world
    Existence of a 4000-hectare site for production and raising of shrimps in underprivileged region and capability to be expended to 50 thousand hectares
    Feasibility for raising silkworm in the Province     

-    Tourism
Having intact and abundant natural attractions, Golestan Province can be developed into a tourism hub in the country and even in the region. Some of the facilities and features of this Province for tourist attraction are as follows:   
    Existence of 7 climates out of the 13 identified climates of the world and possibility of meeting all these climates during a day
    Acquisition of the second place in biodiversity of the country
    Possessing the oldest biosphere reserves in the country
    Existence of Ashoordeh Island as the only Iranian island of Caspian Sea in Golestan Province
    Benefiting from 86 outstanding touristic regions
    Enjoying from 120 kilometer shallow and tranquil seashore for development of touristic activities
    Existence of Golestan National Park with a rich diversity of flora and fauna, including the biggest leopard in the world
    Existence of natural forests with exclusive varieties, including the largest mass of Sorkhdar trees in the country
    Existence of horse race fields in the cities of Gonbad, Bandartorkaman, and Agh Ghala
    Capability of progress in the field of handicrafts, including Torkaman Carpet as one of the finest carpets of the country
    Existence of the historical wall of Gorgan (Sad-e Sekandar) as the longest historical wall in the world after Great Wall of China    
    Existence of Gonbad Tower (Mil-e Gonbad) as the tallest brick structure of the world and the thirteenths registered work of Iran in the world  

Further to submitting the list of 151 investment opportunities specified for Golestan Province amounting to 90 thousand billion Rials in price, your esteemed Company is officially invited to have a visit from this Province and its investment opportunities. It is noteworthy that the Investment Service Center of Golestan Province with contact No. 0171 2331048 is ready to answer your questions.  
Furthermore, for getting more familiarity with Golestan Province a pictorial book entitled" Golestan, The Picture Gallery of Iran" which includes pictures from some outstanding sights of this Province is submitted to you as a gift.

Attractions:
-    Kavus Tower:   Located north of Gonbad-e-Kavoos City, 3 km away from the ancient city of Jorjan, the center of the Ziyar dynasty, this tower is a memorable relic from the Islamic period. Erected on a hill with a length of 15 meters, it dates back to 397 A.H. This elegant tower is the burial place of Shams-Ol-Ma’ali Qaboos-e-Ebn-e-Voshmgir. Built more than 70 meters above earth level, it is 55 meters high. Two bands of brick inscriptions in simple Kufic script bearing the name of its commissioner and the date of construction adorn the tomb tower.
-    Torang Tappe: This is one of the richest and largest ancient hills of Golestan province 25 Kilometers northeast of Gorgan. Archeological studies show the civilization on this hill dates back to five thousand years ago.
-    Naharkhoran Forest: This region has always been an attraction for the people of Gorgan, the tourists and the nature lovers and it provides them with all sorts of resort facilities such as hotels and restaurants.
-    Radkan Tower: This tower is located near the Radkan village, 24 Km south of KordKooy and 54 Km to the southwest of Gorgan. The same is situated on a strategic hillock. Constructed on simple lines, this brick structure rises to a height of 35 m. It does display artistic affects and with two Kufic inscriptions on which the name of the founder and date of construction (407-411 A.H.) can be noted. The dome is bicoated and conical in shape. The internal design of Radkan tower is circular with simple design. The whole structure has been built of bricks similar to that of the Gonbad Qaboos Tower, and internally the architecture is also simple. It is the resting abode of one of the ancient commanders.
-    National Park Golestan: Covering an area of 91,895 hectares, it is located 150 Km east of Gorgan. Regarded as the first national park of Iran., it enjoys varied environmental regions such as the forest and steppe, and the most beautiful natural views. So it is one of the most important tourist attractions of Golestan province. Due to its virgin living areas of plants and animals, the natural ecosystems and the genetics variations, this park is considered as the natural heritage and studied by scholars.