Informations Iran Provinces

Ilam Province

IIlam Province (Persian: استان ایلام‎, Ostān-e Īlām ) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is in the south-west of the country, bordering Iraq. Its provincial center is the city of Ilam. Covering an area of 19,086 square kilometers, the cities of the province are Ilam, Mehran, Dehloran, Dareh Shahr, Sarable, Eyvan, Abdanan and Arkwaz. It neighbors Khuzestan province in the south, Lurestan province in the east, Kermanshah province in the north and Iraq in the west with 425 kilometers of common border.
During the Iran-Iraq war, Ilam province suffered heavily and Iraq's intense bombings left no economic infrastructure for the province. Ilam thus remains one of Iran's more undeveloped provinces. Ilam's unemployment rate was 19.9% in 2003.
Only in recent years has the central government began investing in advanced industries like Petrochemical facilities, with Japanese help, in Ilam. Ilam also has a bright future in the tourist sector, with 174 historical sites listed under Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization, though it also remains undeveloped.

Geography
Ilam province is among the warmest regions of Iran, although the mountainous areas of north and north eastern Ilam are relatively cold. The average annual rainfall province is 578 mm. Ilam's highest point is the peak Kabir Kuh at 2790 m, part of the Zagros mountains. Eyvan and Ilam (city) are less warmer than the other cities in the province because thay situated in the north of the province.wheat is the most common crop cultivated in this province.
In 1996, the absolute maximum temperature was 38 °C in August and the minimum temperature was 0.4 °C in February. The number of freezing days in winter was 27 days.



Demographics
According to the 2006 census, the population of the province was 545,787 persons, in 111,559 families, 278,566 were males (51.04 %) and 267,222 were females (48.96 %).

Economy
Mineral resources:

Ilam province has good potential resources of bitumen, gypsum and celestite. The purity of Ilam gypsum is over 99% which is very good in terms of quantity and quality. Tow factories with a total annual production capacity of 300 thousand tons have been constructed in Dehloran region to supply the required gypsum of province and neighboring provinces. Ilam bitumen has a high quality and quantity, there are 9 active bitumen mines with an annual production of 10500 tons in the province. In order to enhance the added value of bitumen,4 coke production units will operate next year. The potential reserves of celestite discovered in the province. This mineral is used to manufacture of television, toothpaste, munitions and flares.

ilam-1


Vegetation:
due to the diverse climatic (annual precipitation, Temperature,… ) and topographic conditions, Ilam province has a wide variety of plants. So far,over a thousand plant species have been collected in the province which are deposited in the Central Herbarium of Iran. More than three hundred species of plants are edible, pharmaceutical and industrial. About 87 percent of the province is covered by forests and pastures. This province has 641,666 acres of forests, dominated by oak, mastic, arjan, almonds, hackberry, sumac and hawthorn. About 33.3 percent of forests are dense and semi-dense and the rest are sparse forests. Of this 641.666 hectars, 440,000hectars are oak trees which some of them have a life-span of 700 years. Tragacanth, manna and honey are some of the products of the province.



People and culture

The population of Ilam City is predominantly Feyli Kurdish. The absolute majority of the residents in the southern part of the province (Abdanan, Darreshahr, Badreh, Dehloran and Mehran) are Kurds and speak Kurdish. A distinct dialect among local Kurds is the Laki sub-dialect, which belongs to the Gurani dialect. There are also some tribes of Lurs (absolute minority) who live mostly in the southern and eastern parts of the province. So, in the southern part of the province, the main ethnicities are Kurds, Laki and Lurs respectively. The north is mostly inhabited by Kurdish tribes who speak two dialects: Kalhuri and Feyli. The majority are Feyli, such as those of Khezel, Arkawâzi, Beyrey (Ali Sherwan), Malek shahi and Shuhan. Most are Shi'a Muslims.

Attractions
•    Imamzadehs: These are shrines mostly from the Middle Ages: Imamzadeh Ali Saleh, Imamzadeh Seyd mammad Abed, Imamzadeh Seyd Akbar, Imamzadeh Seyd Fakhreddin, Imamzadeh Seyd Nasereddin, Imamzadeh Ibrahim, Imamzadeh Abbas, Imamzadeh Abdullah, Imamzadeh Pir Muhammad, Imamzadeh Baba Seifuddin, Imamzadeh Mehdi Saleh, Imamzadeh Ibrahim Qetal, Imamzadeh Seyd Hasan, Imamzadeh Seyd Salaheddin Muhammad, Imamzadeh Haji Bakhtiar, Imamzadeh Haji Hazer, Imamzadeh Jabir.
•    Fire Temples (10 in total): These are Zoroastrian shrines from the Sassanid era, now in ruins: Siyahgol Iwan, Chahar Taghi in Darreh Shahr.
•    Mansions, forts, and castles (90 in total): Ghal'eh Vali (Qajar era), Posht Ghal'eh Chowar, Ghal'eh Paghela Chekarbuli, Ghal'eh Falahati (Qajar era),Ghal'eh Ghiran (Achaemenid era), Shiagh castle in Dehloran (Sassanid era), Ismail Khan fort, Sam castle (late Parthian era), Pur Ashraf castle, Mir Gholam Hashemi ghal'eh, Posht Ghal'eh Abdanan (Sassanid), Konjancham fort, Shirin and Farhad Iwan in Mehran (Parthian era), Hezar Dar Castle (Sassanid), Sheikh Makan Fort (Sassanid), Zeinal Fort.
•    Bridges from Sassanid era (5 in total).
•    Numerous archeological sites (Teppes) and ruins from Sassanid era and earlier (224 in total).
•    Ancient reliefs scattered across the province (8 in total).
•    Ancient urban settlement ruins (22 in total).
•    Springs, caves (like the cave of Zinegan), 3 protected natural habitats, and provincial parks.
•    Tar Spring, in Dehloran.

 

ilam-3