Informations Iran Provinces

Yazd Province

Yazd Province
Yazd Province (Persian: استان یزد‎, Ostān-e Yazd ) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is in the centre of the country, and its administrative center is the city of Yazd.
Geography and Climate
The province has an area of 131,575 km², and according to the most recent divisions of the country, is divided  into eleven counties: Maybod, Mehreez, Taft, Ardakan, Behabad, Khatam, Sadogh, Bafq, Abar Kooh, Tabas and Yazd, the capital.



The province of Yazd has one of the driest climates in Iran due to its location east of the Zagros mountains, making much of Yazd subject to the rain shadow effect. Low precipitation and a high rate of evaporation in summer months due to high summer temperatures are among the factors making much of this province one of the driest regions in Iran. The only moderating climatic factor is Yazd's high terrain elevation. Shir Kuh, located in Yazd, rises to 4000 m.
Demographics
According to the most recent census, Yazd province contributing 1/4 percent of total population  has a population of about 890,000 of which 78% were urban residents while 22% resided in rural areas. The city of Yazd is the economic and administrative capital of the province and therefore the most heavily populated.

 


Economy
In 2005 Yazd's  GDP contributes 5/1 percent of  country's total economy and ranks 7th among other provinces in economic development . Since 1387 to first quarter of 1391 the province 's revenue  was  1,436 billion Rial, 1,671 billion Rial, 2,228 billion Rial  and 2,528 billion  Rial respectively.( an average yearly increase of 26 %)


History and historical attractions
In the course of history due to its distance from important capitals and its harsh natural surrounding, Yazd remained immune to major troops' movements and destruction from wars, therefore it kept many of its traditions, city forms and architecture until recent times.
Yazd hails from an ancient history. As an example, Tehran University and Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization have teamed up with France's CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) to carry out archeological studies in Yazd province as part of a project aiming at preparing archeological plans of the area from the Mesolithic era.
During the invasion of Genghis Khan in the early 13th century, Yazd became a safehaven and home for many artists, intellectuals, and scientists fleeing their war ravaged cities across Persia.
Yazd was visited by Marco Polo in 1272 A.D, who described it as a good and noble city and remarked its silk production industry. Isolated from any approach by a huge tract of monotonous desert, the vibrancy of Yazd often comes as a surprise.