Informations Iran Provinces

Esfahan Province

Esfahan Province (Persian: استان اصفهان Ostān-e Esfahān‎), also transliterated as Esfahan, Espahan, Sepahan or Isphahan, is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is located in the center of the country. Its capital is the city of Isfahan.
Geography
The province of Esfahan covers an area of approximately 107,027 square km and is situated in the center of Iran. To its north, stand the Markazi (Central) Province and the provinces of Qom and Semnan. To its south, it is bordered by the provinces of Fars, and Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province. Aminabad is the most southern city of Esfahan province just 2 km north of the border. To the east, it is bordered by the province of Yazd. To the west, it is bordered by the province of Lurestan and to the southwest by the province of Chahar Mahal and Bakhtiyari.
The city of Esfahan is the provincial capital; and the counties of this province are as follows: Aran va Bidgol, Ardestan, Esfahan, Lanjan, Shahinshahr and Meymeh, Khomeini Shahr, Khansar, (The Upper) Semirom, Fereydan, Fereydunshahr, Falavarjan, Kashan, Golpayegan, Khomeini-shahr, Mobarakeh, Nain, Najaf Abad, Lower Semirom (Dehaghan), Shahreza, Anarak and Natanz; 18 townships, 38 counties, 67 cities, and 2470 villages in all. According to the census in the year 2006, the population of the province was 4,559,256 of which approximately 83.3 percent were urban residents and 16.7 percent resided in the rural areas. The literacy rate was 88.65 percent.

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The province experiences a moderate and dry climate on the whole, ranging between 40.6 °C and 10.6 °C on a cold day in the winter season. The average annual temperature has been recorded as 16.7 °C and the annual rainfall on an average has been reported as 116.9 mm. The city of Esfahān however experiences an excellent climate, with four distinct seasons.
On the whole Isfahan is an average province within Persia in terms of general economic indices: in the year 2000 the province contained 6.5 percent of the population of the nation, 6.3 percent of its GDP, 6.5 percent of its total household expense, and 6.5 percent of its budget and public expenditure (Sāzmān-e barnāma, 1997, XXVII/4; cf. Akbari, p. 86). As elsewhere in Persia, the economic infrastructure of the province remains fairly underdeveloped. Modern highways and railways are limited to the transnational arteries crossing the province. The rural economy remains largely peasant-oriented, utilizing traditional irrigation techniques and rudimentary mechanization. The industrial labor is largely untrained, and higher education has become increasingly superficial and does not provide the basic skills needed for a modern economy.
Economy
Esfahan is one of Iran's most important industrial centres. Modern economy in Isfahan is dominated by the textile industry, petro chemistry, mechanical engineering and a great steelworks.
Macroeconomics
The Capabilities and Capacities of the Development of Province

1-The specific location of the province (Being located at the transit route of North-South, East-West and its adjacency with 8 other provinces(
2-Existence of potential of mineral areas (enjoying rich metal, non-metal and ornamental-building stones and other minerals with high added value(
3-Existence of extra financial funds resulted from the past investments.
4-Enjoying various, historical, natural, and manmade tourist attractions with national and international values, as important country tourist centers.
5-Existence of the cultural advantages including, historical, written rich heritage, valuable artistic works, architecture and civil construction, cultural artists and intellectuals effecting on domestic and global interactions.
6-Existence of potentials and developed substructures motivating economical activities (roads, power transmission network, gas and oil transmission lines, telecommunication network, bank network, and (...
7-Existence of social factors, accelerating economical and social ties (vigorous, informal, financial systems, job honesty, well experienced guilds informal, social organizations, scientific and specialized capacities and (...
8-Existence of various natural and ecological sources, rich soil, biological species, different live stocks, and developing possibility of cultivating products with relative advantages as motives to economical activities (with special emphasis on agricultural sector and environment(
9-Existence of human capitals (scientific, technical, specialized, managerial capacities and . .. ) accumulated as investment activity complements towards knowledge-oriented economy.
10-Existence of specialized mother universities and numerous colleges and research institutes as science & technology producing centers.
11-Existence of non-governmental sector ( cooperative and private) capable to attract the foreign investment.
12-Establihing big industrial, nationally important units like Mobarakeh Steel Complex, Isfahan Steel Plant. ..
13-Women, economical, social, political, cultural capabilities as the main part of the province human capital source.
14-The prominent role of the province in production, restoring and transmission of energy in the country.
15-Adjacency with water providing resources of Zagross and its possible development and exploitation as potential and practical sources of providing water, required for industries and central plain of Isfahan.
16-Existence of powerful capability in fields of handicrafts.
17 -Existence of historical, social field for public participation and widespread charity institutes and active NGOs.
Isfahan province has a suitable position in the national division of labor and Macroeconomics .In this case we refer to some related indices:
According to the latest statistics of regional computations in Iran statistics center: The province local gross product in 2005 is 75050.5 billion Rials and its allocated figure for the whole country is 119838.8 billion Rials, that the province share is calculated 6.3% in the whole country local gross product in this year in comparison to 2007, is 0.32% and also the whole added value of the province in 2003 is 73253 .5 billion Rials that the province share in the whole country added value is 6.2%.

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History and culture

Kashan is another cultural jewel of the province. Seen here is the Agha Bozorg Mosque.
Historians have recorded Espahan, Sepahan or Isfahan initially as a defense and military base. The security and protection of the gradually increasing castles and fortifications, thereby, would provide the protection of residents nearby, therefore leading to the growth of large settlements nearby. These historical castles were Atashgah, Sarooyieh, Tabarok, Kohan Dej, and Gard Dej to name a few. The oldest of these is Ghal'eh Sefeed and the grounds at Tamijan from prehistoric times. The historic village of Abyaneh, a nationwide attraction, also has Sassanid ruins and fire temples among other historical relics.
During the 17th and 18th centuries, Esfahan province enjoyed high standards of prosperity as it became the capital of Safavid Persia. While the city of Esfahan was their seat of monarchy, Kashan was their place of vacation and leisure.
Esfahan province encompasses various sects today. The majority of the people in the province are Persian speakers, but Bakhtiari Lurs, Georgians, Armenians, Qashqais and Persian Jews also reside in the province. The official language of the province is Persian, though different ethnic groups and tribes abide by their own language such as Judeo-Persian, Armenian, Georgian, Qashqai Turkic or Bakhtiari Lurish. Esfahan province is noted for its reputed personalities such as writers, poets and other imminent figures who have been born and brought up or have lived in this territory.
Tourist Attractions
Isfahan is unique city. It is an important historical center for main different group of tourists in the domestic and international in the world. The central historical region and the area called Seeosepol (the name of a famous bridge) - Naghsheh Gahan square - Shaigh Lotofolah Masque - Imam Masque - Ali Ghapoo palace - Seeosepol bridge - Ghaisarieh bazaar - Ghaisarieh bazaar entrance - Chehel setoon building - Chahar Bagh complex - Jameh Mosque - Hasht Behesht Building - Charhar Bagh school - Recreation center - Ashraf saloon - Khajoo bridge - Flower Gorden - Birds Garden - Water Fulls Park - Bozorg bazaar - Zargarha bazaar - Honar bazaar - Honar Museum - Rangrazha bazaar - Ferdosi Bridge - Darol shafa bazaar - Shishehgarha bazaar - Mokhels saray - Golshan saray - Haj Karim saray - Kodak Boston - Tofang and shamshir bazaar - Najvan park - Shahrestan Bridge - Safeh park - Folad Takht - Leleh park - Baba Roknoldin cemetery - Shahsheham Boghah - Ghasr Darb - Baghoshkaneh park - Isargarn park - Zalyandeh rood Bostan - Melat Bostan - Aeneh Khaneh Bostan - Abozar bridge - Sadi Booston - Osan commercial complex - Carpet shopping center - Vanak church - Maryam church - Chehel Dokhtaran Monareh - Dardasht Monareh - Sareban Monareh - Shaigh Bahaee public bath - Ghazvineha house - Baitollham church - Darolziafeh Monareh - Petros house - Darid house - Jewish church - Mesri Mosque - Koshk Darb - Malek Gorestan - Ghazviniha Museum - Lebnon Mosque - Khat Museum - Shohada Museum - Halal Ahmar Museum - Shaikholeslam house - Safa Mosque - Ali Agha public bath - Jolfa church - Bazi shahr - Atashgah - Monar Jonban - Ghadir cultural complex - Japanese garden - Daeme exhibition - Ibrahim Emam zadeh - Khan Mosque - Ghodsi house - Laleh park - Haghighi house - Baba Ghasam cemetery - Massod Boghaeh - Haronieh Imam Zadeh - Ismeel Imam zadeh - Ahmad Imam Zadeh - Ali Mosque - Malek shahr complex - Hassan Abad bazaar - Yakob church - Marta house - Narsis church - Bidabad bazaar - Soltani complex - Shahzadeghan Bogheh - Mirza Kochek khan park - Ghadir recreational cultural complex